There are times when I hear the comment “Herbs are ugly.” Is a rose
|Climbing Pinkie Rose|
|Some of my orchids that I grow in my greenhouse.|
Trifolia 'Variegata' Vitex in the foreground and Variegated Vitex behind it.
According to The Herb Society of America's New Encyclopedia of Herbs and Their Uses by Deni Bown:
"The term "herb" also has more than one definition. Botanists describe an herb as a small, seed bearing plant with fleshy, rather than woody, parts (from which we get the term "herbaceous"). In this book, the term refers to a far wider range of plants. In addition to herbaceous perennials, herbs include trees, shrubs, annuals, vines, and more primitive plants, such as ferns, mosses, algae, lichens, and fungi. They [herbs] are valued for their flavor, fragrance, medicinal and healthful qualities, economic and industrial uses, pesticidal properties, and coloring materials (dyes)."
© Deni Bown, 2001.
Citation: Bown, Deni. The Herb Society of
- Herb vs. spice or soft tissue vs. woody tissue;
- Herbs: Plants that do not develop persistent woody tissue;
- Spices: derive from the roots, barks, unopened flowers and seedpods of woody shrubs and trees; various aromatic vegetable products.
- Culinary herbs are herbaceous plants that add flavor and color to all types of meals.
- If you find that low fat or low salt foods taste bland, use herbs to enhance the flavor of virtually any dish, including desserts.
- Generally, herbs are delicately flavored, so add them to your cooking in the last few minutes, or you can do like I do and add them at the beginning of cooking and then throw some more herbs in at the last minute, right before serving.
CHIVES, ONION Allium schoenoprasum Amaryllidaceae Perennial
CHIVES, GARLIC Allium tuberosum Perennial
CORIANDER (English) a/k/a CILANTRO (Spanish) Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae Annual
DILL Anethum graveolens Apiaceae Annual
FENNEL Foeniculum vulgare Apiaceae Perennial
GINGER Zingiber officinalis Zingiberaceae Perennial
LEMON BALM Melissa officinalis Lamiaceae Perennial
LEMON VERBENA Aloysia triphylla Verbenaceae Tender Perennial
LEMONGRASS Cymbopogon citratus Gramineae Tender Perennial
MEXICAN MINT MARIGOLD Tagetes lucida Asteraceae Perennial
MEXICAN OREGANO Poliomintha longiflora Lamiaceae Perennial
MINTS Mentha species Lamiaceae Perennial
OREGANO Origanum vulgare Lamiaceae Perennial
PARSLEY Petroselinium crispum Apiaceae Biennial
ROSEMARY Rosmarinus officinalis Lamiaceae Perennial
SAGE Salvia officinalis Lamiaceae Perennial
SALAD BURNET Poterium sanguisorba Rosaceae Perennial
SCENTED GERANIUMS Pelargonium species Geraniaceae Perennial
SORREL Rumex acetosa Polygonaceae Perennial
SWEET MARJORAM Origanum majorana Lamiaceae Tender Perennial
THYME Thymus vulgaris Lamiaceae Perennial
2 cloves garlic, either finely chopped or minced
2 tablespoons olive oil, first pressed virgin
2 tablespoons fresh basil, can be either finely chopped or chiffonade
1 tablespoon fresh chives, either onion or garlic, finely chopped
1 teaspoon fresh oregano finely chopped
Freshly ground pepper and kosher salt to taste
From the Italian bruscare meaning "to roast over coals," this traditional garlic bread is made by rubbing slices of toasted bread with garlic cloves, then drizzling the bread with extra-virgin olive oil. The bread is salted and peppered, then heated and served warm.
Whole heads of garlic
Using roasted garlic rather than butter on bread is a great way to reduce your cholesterol intake, and it tastes wonderful!
|Myrrh Commiphora myrrha|
|Myrrh Commiphora myrrha|
|Frankincense Boswellia sacra|
CHASTE TREE Vitex Agnus-castus; female hormonal balancer
FENUGREEK Trigonella foenum-graecum
BITTER MELON Momordica charantia
PURPLE CONEFLOWER Echinacea purpurea; native
GURMAR LEAF Gymnema sylvestre
NETTLES, Stinging Nettles, Common Nettles or Small Nettle Urtica dioica; Like spinach, or any other green, it can be steamed or stir-fried with garlic and eaten and also makes a good tea. Good for anemia, asthma, diuretic, used as a green dye
PASSIONFLOWER Passiflora incarnata
ST. JOHN'S WORT Hypericum perforatum
GARLIC AND ONIONS Allium sativum and A. cepa
GOLDENROD Solidago; diuretic, respiratory herb
CUCUMBER cucumis sativus
ROSE rosa; also culinary and medicinal herb
WITCH HAZEL hamamelis virginiana
An herb garden can be any size and any shape from the formal herb garden to an informal quaint kitchen garden with contrasting colors, textures, shapes, and sizes. Some herb theme gardens include hummingbird, bee, culinary, potpourri, tea, dye, medicinal, color, Shakespeare, Bible, topiaries and astrological gardens.